16 Novembre – Thesis defense - Romain Beuton

14 h Amphi 1 - building A9 (Talence)

Modeling of the structuration of a dielectric material irradiated by a femtosecond laser pulse.

Femtosecond laser pulses are an efficient tool to induce localized structural modifications in the bulk of dielectrics materials. The dielectrics, initially transparent, start to efficiently absorb the energy when the laser intensity exceeds the optical breakdown threshold of the material. This property, coupled to a femtosecond pulse duration smaller than the caracteristic relaxation times of matter, allows to induce a localized and accurate energy deposition in the irradiated volume. In order to model the formation of such structures, a 2D thermo-elasto-plastic model, including solid-liquid transitions through a softening model, has been implemented in a lagrangian hydrodynamic code. Studies on the formation of a single cavity and several interacting cavities have been firstly performed, assuming an instantaneous energy deposition in the bulk of fused silica. The relaxation of the heated matter, transformed to a warm dense plasma, induces shock waves in the surrounding cold solid. Permanent deformations may appear if the stress, induced by the waves, exceeds the yield strength of the material. This first study allowed to understand and describe the various steps of the micro-structures formation, which are strongly correlated to the elasto-plastic behavior of the surrounding solid. Furthermore, by using a Weibull’s law, accounting for defects density in the material, cracks probabilities have been predicted. Secondly, the structuration of fused silica by a Bessel beam has been considered. For that purpose, a 3D Maxwell solver coupled to a fluid description of the electron dynamics has been used to model the laser energy deposition. Results allow to understand how the energy deposition establishes and show the effects of the different ionization processes on the electron density and energy profiles. Then, thermo-elasto-plastic simulations have been carried out including the calculated energy deposition. Various kinds of induced deformations in fused silica have been obtained depending on the incident pulse energy and duration, which is in agreement with experimental observations.

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