06 Juin – Thesis defense - Wendwesen Gebremichael

09 h30 Amphi - LaBRI (Talence campus)

Exploring femtosecond laser processing of transparent media for novel laser components.

Femtosecond laser micromachining inside laser crystals offers a new platform to miniaturize highly compact laser sources. It leads to rapid prototyping and cost-effectiveness in line with the future photonics roadmaps. However, the challenges in relation to an intense laser pulse energy deposition within transparent media and the modifications that follow still remain open-ended questions. These challenges have been addressed with a careful and systematic study of femtosecond modified zones inside transparent materials. Due to its cubic symmetry and excellent luminescence properties as laser crystal, Calcium Fluoride (CaF2) was selected, and ultrafast laser inscription of waveguides inside this crystal was realized. Smooth and non-reciprocal writings were observed inside certain “specially cut” samples of the CaF2 crystals for the first time. Additionally, polarization dependent guiding is identified and presented. Furthermore, an authentic model and concept was engaged for the quantitative and qualitative characterization of the waveguides, particularly for the transmission loss measurements and the three-dimensional refractive index mappings of the modified zones.

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